Ftth Indicates Fiber Network Connections Running From the Central Office to a Residence, or Very Small Multi-Unit Dwelling.

The biggest advantage of this technology is high internet speed whether you want to work from home or watch videos. FTTH helps people remain connected. FTTH is easy to install, support upcoming latest technologies and much better than copper lines.

The only disadvantage of having FTTH cable is the cost associated with having the cable and having it installed. Many households might not be able to afford the same.

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UNLOCKING THE BANDWIDTH POTENTIAL OF FIBER: PASSIVE OPTICAL NETWORK

Fiber Optic cables allow us to pass huge amounts of data on point to point links by passing light down the fiber, but for multiple broadband connections over fiber we need a way to separate the individual data streams required for each household or business. Two methods have evolved that allow us to do that, Passive Optical Networks and Active Optical Networks.

A PON (Passive Optical Network) does not rely on routing and switching equipment from the exchange, but instead uses optical splitting techniques. Power is only required in the exchange and at the customer premises.

Devices used by the companies around the USA for passive distribution of broadband data are:-

The splitter shelf comprises of a metal chassis for 19” rack mounting and fiber optic splitter devices. The optical splitters provide the uniform division of an optical signal from one or two input fiber ports to multiple output ports. The splitters are designed to meet the requirements for a wide range of fiber optic communications systems. The broadband performance makes them especially suitable for PON passive optical network FTTx networks.

The asymmetric fiber optic splitter shelf division of the signal power gives the ability to monitor or measure the transmission signal dividing the input power in a proportion of 10:90 %.

The most common use of splitter frames is for central office applications or larger distributed PON MDU sites. It is mainly intended for fiber distribution within one rack, but can conveniently be patched for longer distances using an optional interconnection patch panel. Fan out splitter modules also fits in splitter frames for central office applications.

For More: Air is Being Used as a Means to Reduce Friction Between the Microfiber Cable Jacket and the Inside Wall of the Microduct

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Air is Being Used as a Means to Reduce Friction Between the Microfiber Cable Jacket and the Inside Wall of the Microduct

Air Blown fiber optic is a cabling solution using glass fiber optic cables, blown through a ducting pipe. The main ducting pipe can have up to 19 micro ducts contained within it. A Coated “blow able” optical fiber is blown through a micro duct using compressed air. Carried by viscous drag, the fibers are lifted into the air stream and away from the wall of the micro duct, eliminating friction even around the tightest bends. One Fiber optic strand can carry 10 gigabytes of data every second or over 3000 telephone conversations.

Advantages to the consumers and companies providing these air blown fibers are:-

Installation in less than one day when the micro-ducts are installed

Ground work to install air blown fibers has to be done once

It’s a cost effective solution and requires simplified planning

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BROADBAND ACCESS TECHNOLOGY: FTTH –FIBER TO THE HOME

Telecommunication carriers worldwide have come to the realization that their aging copper access infrastructure is being taxed as residential and business customers utilize ever-increasing, symmetrical bandwidth-intensive applications. The demands are being met by the deeper penetration of optical fiber in access networks and increasing deployment of fiber to the home (FTTH). As a result, FTTH is the fastest growing global broadband technology with significant deployments occurring in America.

Deployment of FTTH (fiber to the home) by the telecommunication companies in USA

FTTH (fiber to the home) is commonly deployed in two specific configurations. In the first one fiber is dedicated to each user in the access network, Point-to-point (P2P) network.  While when fiber is shared (via a power splitter) amongst a set amount of users, typically 16-32, and is a passive optical network (PON). There are advantages and disadvantages to the deployment of P2P and PON networks based on financial, bandwidth and component considerations.

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The ability to maximize the fiber count while maintaining a highly compact cable clearly saves space in the ducts without compromising capacity. Up to 192 fibers can be held within one Micronet cable, while Air Blown Fiber system employs a unique design that eliminates splices while maintaining high optical performance in the network.

Technology Of Ftth Along With Passive Optical Network

The speed in association with broadband Internet has been increased on a yearly basis as new technologies are paving a smooth pathway. The copper local loop has remained a limiting factor with the digital subscriber line due to which moves through optical fiber runs closer to home or business helps a lot in substantial increasing of the bandwidth.

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Passive Optical Network – Uses Optical Splitting Techniques

One such technology involves the usage of Passive Optical Network (PON). Such a network does not rely on routing and switching equipment from the exchange, but instead takes into usage optical splitting techniques. The only requirement is all about power both at the exchange and at customer premises.

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An Active Optical Network will be taking into usage networking equipments such as routers and switches to make the decisions for routing of individual streams to their respective destinations. They take advantage of the Ethernet standards developed for being used over fiber optics. It also implies that subscribers hold a dedicated fiber connection to the home or FTTH.

Advantages of Passive Optical Network

The PON comprises of three main components in the form of Optical Line Termination, Passive Optical Coupler and Optical Network Unit. There are various advantages of a PON over other technologies. In case of a PON, more number of subscribers can be served from a single fiber from the exchange.

Also, the maintenance costs are very much low due to the fact that there is no electrical switching equipment involved in the PON. As bandwidth is shared between numbers of subscribers active on the PON, the transmission speed may vary on the basis of how much busy each subscriber is.

A Brief Summary about Micronet

Photonics is the study to generate, manipulate and detect light through transmission, emission, modulation, signal processing, detection and amplification. Nowadays, there are many companies which deal with photonics.

These companies deliver and offer various designs and product solutions which focus on broadband communication networks and fiber optic areas. These companies have their own network owners, telecomm owners and utility owners. They are also sales distribution partner for many other companies.

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The optic cable fiber to home provided by them, are usually made using Hexatronic air blown fiber technology. Hexatronic micronet is used as the solution as it lowers the total ownership cost up to great extent. This is done by shortening time for revenue, eliminating connection points and splice. Therefore, this helps in reducing the OSP materials.

Micronet is a cost effective and flexible cabling system to install optical fibers in access networks. It delivers capability to user needs as well as bandwidth capability. Micronet always tries to create network according to demanding applications. It gives cost efficient maintenance and roll-out. It creates the opportunity to new users for broadband penetration.

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Benefits of Micronet

There are many benefits of micronet. They provide excellent band performance and highly robust in nature.  It also gives trouble free operation during operation and installation. They try to eliminate additional interstitial fillers for ease of installation. The cable transmits information in high speed.  They also provide excellent identification. The products offered by the companies have warranty of 20 years. These products are simple to maintain and tries to follow service on demand.

What are the Associated Benefits of Using Fiber Optic Cables?

It has recently been observed that a number of people get excited after hearing about optic network cables made up of fiber. These cables are helpful in carrying signal from one place to another. Though hearing about the same does not make one too much excited, but it is high time to find out the reasons due to which people become too much animated at the thoughts of such cables.

Fiber Optic Network Cables – Not Mere Cables

It is exciting to learn that fiber optic network cables are not mere cables. Instead of carrying conventional signal messages, they carry light waves in the form of signals. As a result the quality of the signal is of top-notch. The security factor of such a signal is really an amazing. The speed of communication is exactly the same as that of light.

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An ordinary cable does not have sufficient bandwidth to protect itself against multiple signals that are being carried over the same channel. Also, external signals interfere with signals that get carried over ordinary cables. But this occurrence is absolutely nil in case of fiber optic. Optic cable channels are well-immune against hindrance that is caused by external signals.

Reduction in Amount of OSP Materials

Optic fiber cables have reduced the amount of OSP materials thus yielding into a simple to maintain supplier network. As optic network signals are carried using light as a medium, hacking and breaking into the system becomes very much difficult. Also, light-borne messages carried over fiber network are not at all affected by any change in temperature. As a result, the speed and performance of the network built upon with such top quality cables remain top-notch.

Thus using a fiber optic network cables caters a number of benefits that add up in building further reputation of these cables.

How Fiber Optic Works?

In today’s digital landscape, transferring data over phone or computer is no big deal. Thanks to modern data communication technologies such as Micronet that have made it possible for individuals to stay connected like never before. But the technology seems pretty much easy above the surface is highly complex and intricate at the backend. And it is the magic of fiber optic technology that enables faster data communication over long distances.

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A fiber-optic cable is typically comprised of amazingly thin elements of glass or plastic known as optical fibers and one cable can have as less as two strands or as many as several hundreds. In this system, data, voice, and images pass through in the form of light pulses instead of copper wire. Fiber optic technology has largely replaced copper wire in long-distance telephone networks, and it is mainly used to connect computers within local area networks. Fiber optics is also the basis of the fibre scopes utilized in scanning internal parts of the body (endoscopy) or examining the interiors of manufactured structural products.

Optical telecommunication is generally carried out using infrared light in the wavelength ranges of 0.8–0.9 μm or 1.3–1.6 μm—wavelengths that are efficiently produced by light-emitting diodes or semiconductor lasers and that encounter minimal attenuation in glass fibers.

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Fibre scope examination in endoscopy or industry is performed in the visible wavelengths, one bundle of fibres being used to light up the inspected area with light and another bundle serving as an elongated lens for transferring the image to the human eye or a video camera.

For More: Why There is a Huge Demand for Air Blown Fiber?

 

Why There is a Huge Demand for Air Blown Fiber?

Over the past few years, several new technologies have made their way in the industry and revolutionized the same to great extent. One such evolution in the data communication technological landscape is air blown fiber.

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ABF simply regarded as the use of compressed air or nitrogen to exactly blow lightweight optical fiber cables through a cable tube at up to 150 ft per minute. Standard blowing distances are 3300 ft for two to six fiber bundles and 1650 ft for 12 to 18 fiber bundles. However, if two sets of blowing equipment are used in conjunction, these distances can choose to be doubled. Whereas a tube cable is made of a flexible outer jacket containing separate flexible tubes, known as cells.

There are several advantage of using air blown fiber for installing fiber optic. The ABF cable design also reduces the need for slack boxes, typically required in conventional FO installations. This is because when you blow ABF, you can feasibly wind the slack inside the terminal cabinet’s fiber patch panel. If you wish to shift the enclosures, you can blow out the fiber, outspread the tube cable, and reinstall the fiber.

As these tubes are made of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) material, its coefficient of expansion is generally 10 times more than steel tube. Due to various complications and the intrinsic complexity of ABF systems, an ABF approved engineer should prepare the system design and supervise the installation.

For More:Get to know More About Air Blown Fiber